怎么样在GRE作文中防止语言偏见

时间:2022-1-2 作者:爱思英语学习网

防止语言偏见,是GRE作文获得高分的一个要紧原因。GRE考生在备考的时候,不要只着重高分词语的积累,有的禁忌,是肯定需要知晓并且尽可能防止的。

Avoid Language Bias

Suggestions for avoiding language that reinforces stereotypes or excludes certain groups of people.

Sexism,Race Ethnicity,and National Origin,Age,Sexual Orientation

Depersonalization of Persons with Disabilities or Illnesses

Patronizing or Demeaning Expressions

Language That Excludes or Unnecessarily Emphasizes Differences

Sexism

Sexism is the most difficult bias to avoid,in part because of the convention of using man or men and he or his to refer to people of either sex.Other,more disrespectful conventions include giving descriptions of women in terms of age and appearance while describing men in terms of accomplishment.

Avoid This:1.mankind,man 2.man-made 3.man in the street

Use This Instead

1.human beings,humans,humankind,humanity,people,society,men and women

2.synthetic,artificial

3.average person,ordinary person

Using gender-neutral terms for occupations,positions,roles,etc.

Terms that specify a particular sex can unnecessarily perpetuate certain stereotypes when used generically.

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