雅思写作高分语法结构剖析

时间:2022-1-3 作者:星沙英语网

状语前置就是把一个修饰动词的状语结构,如介词短语,分词形式或动词不定式引导的短语放到句首。雅思写作中状语前置是很拿分的句式,不过很多考生都没意识到这一点。下面是小编为您收集整理的雅思写作高分语法结构分析,供大家参考!

雅思写作高分语法结构分析

1. 状语前置

请看下面从剑桥提供的范文中节选的句子:

1) Like self-awareness,this is also very difficult to achieve,but I think these are the two factors that may be the most important for achieving happiness.

2) Throughout the century,the largest quantity of water was used for agricultural purposes.

3) With a population of 176 million,the figures for Brazil indicate how high agricultural water consumption can be in some countries.

使用状语前置的最大优点是让单调的句子有了跳跃的节奏感。考官一天看上百张考卷,看到这样的句子也会心情愉悦。

注意:插入语

此种语法结构是可以理解为是状语前置的另一种变体,它将状语结构提到了主句的主语和谓语之间。插入语也是相对地道的英语表达方法。请看以下几例:

1) Universities,when it is functioning well,should offer both theoretical knowledge as well as professional training.

2) So overall,I believe that,attending school from a young age is good for most children.

语的功能和状语前置基本相似,都能使句子更有跳跃感和地道。

雅思写作高分语法结构分析

2. 倒装句

我们先来看以下几个例子:

1) The parents should spend time on their children,they should also communicate with them.

2) We can never lose sight of the significance of education.

以上两句话都没有任何错误,但是读来非常平淡,没有任何特色,如果我们用倒装句,出来的效果就完全不一样了。

1) Not only should parents spend time on their children,they are also advised to interact with them.

2) On no account / by no means / in no way can we lose sight of the significance of education.

当然在平时教学和备课的过程中我们还是要不断积累各式各样的倒装句句式进行替换,灵活运用。

雅思写作高分语法结构分析

3. 强调句

It is… that… / It is… who…正是…导致了

以下是考官写的一句话:

1. It is the interaction of the two that shapes a person‘s personality and dictates how that personality develops.

强调句是考生比较难把握的一种句型,容易和it引导的形式主语相混淆,但其实我们只要找到强调句的一个特点,即去掉It is… that… / It is… who…仍然是一个完整的句子。

通过以上三种句式结构的介绍,考生就能轻松给简单句穿上外衣进行包装了,这样表达同样的意思用不同的句式结构,出来的效果完全不一样。在笔者平时在朗阁课堂的教学中,这几个句型帮助学生突破了如何写好句子的瓶颈。下面我们来看一句话分别用不同的三种表达方法,明显改变了效果。

中文: 二十世纪末科技的繁荣,人们开始广泛使用电脑。

1) witness 句型

The late 20th century witnessed the prosperity in science and technology, thereby giving rise to the wide application of computers.

2) With结构状语前置

With the prosperity in science and technology in the late 20th century, the computers were widely applied.

3) 倒装句

So flourishing was the science and technology in the late 20th century that computers were widely applied in various fronts.

4) 强调句型

It was the prosperity in science and technology in the late 20th century that gave rise to the wide application of computers.

雅思写作7分范文 把握整体结构

这篇雅思写作范文的主要内容是大学研究生比他们学历低的人挣的钱多是很正常的,但是他们同时应该为他们的学习担负全部的花费。你同意这个观点吗?

It is right that college graduates earn higher salaries than the less well-educated in the community. But they should also pay the full cost of their study. Do you agree or disagree with this statement?

Some conclude that college students should bear total expenses for their higher learning on the generalization that college graduates usually receive higher salaries for similar jobs than those without a college degree. We cannot deny that higher level of education, indeed, does associate with better income. Still, built on such fact alone, the conclusion remains questionable.

The whole argument in question rests on an assumption that it is always the case that people with higher education make more money than those less well-educated. But salary or income is, in most cases, based on contributions made by employees to companies or organizations in which they work for. Statistics in the labor market indicate that people with professional training tend to find jobs easier than college graduates do and that blue-collar workers who do not hold college degrees are becoming the hotties in the labor market. Employers prefer to hire and pay more to highly skilled and specially trained people rather than fresh college graduates. In the auto industry, for instance, skilled technicians make two or three times more than their college educated counterparts who make the average salaries in other companies. And it is widely accepted that people’s income is determined more by talent, hard work, and willingness to take risks than solely by certain qualifications such as college education. Otherwise, the unemployment rate of college graduates would not be increasing every year and the rule of supply and demand will lose much of power in controlling the labor market. Admittedly in some knowledge extensive field such as research, teaching, and practice of law the labor force are primarily consists of highly educated professionals. But such people make up only a fraction of the labor market and are thus unrepresentative of the whole employment in general.

Considering the goal of education, we find that it is even more problematic for the country to throw all the responsibility of financing college education to college students. The goal of higher education of a nation is to improve and strengthen the general level of intellectual and professional capacity of its labor force, thereby increasing the competency of the nation in the global economy. As tax payers, parents all contributes to the education system and country in various ways. It is only reasonable and necessary that the country gives some forms of financially assistance to students to ease the burden of rising education costs. Such help should go not only to students from needy or impoverished families but also to outstanding students from affluent backgrounds. Doing so can significantly boost the motivation of children from millions of families to engage in higher level of study. It is understandable that the general quality of people in a country will improve and its economy will benefit both now and in years to follow.

If the burden of supporting children’s higher education is dumped on parents and students, thousands of brilliant students will be deprived of chances to pursue their academic inspiration. Among those who suffer would definitely be future great scientists, business managers, artists and statesmen. The loss will be disastrous and irreversible.

In conclusion, the idea that students should also pay the full cost of their study is wrong and harmful because it is wrong to assume that higher education necessarily equalize high income. Moreover, it is in the best interest of a nation to take responsibility in financing college education so that the goal of higher education will be better met.

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