【简明语法】19.7 让步状语从句

时间:2022-1-4 作者:英学网


though, although
注意: 当有though, although时,后面的从句不可以有but,但 though 和yet可连用
Although it’s raining, they are still working in the field.
虽然在下雨,但他们仍在地里干活。
He is very old, but he still works very hard.
虽然他非常老,但仍然努力地工作。
Though the sore be healed, yet a scar may remain.
伤口虽愈合,但伤疤留下了。 (谚语)

典型例题
1) ___she is young, she knows quite a lot.
A. WhenB. However C. Although D. Unless
答案:C。意为虽然她非常年青,却知晓很多。

2)as, though 引导的倒装句
as / though引导的让步从句需要表语或状语提前(形容词、副词、分词、实义动词提前)。
Child as /though he was, he knew what was the right thing to do.
= Though he was a small child, he knew what was the right thing to do.

注意: a.句首名词不可以带任何冠词。
b.句首是实义动词,其他助动词放在主语后。假如实义动词有宾语和状语,随实义动词一块放在主语之前。
Try hard as he will, he never seems able to do the work satisfactorily.
= Though he tries hard, he never seems…
虽然他尽了努力,但他的工作总做的不尽人意。

3)ever if, even though.即便
We’ll make a trip even though the weather is bad.

4) whether…or- 不管……都
Whether you believe it or not, it is true.

5)”no matter +疑问词” 或”疑问词+后缀ever”
No matter what happened, he would not mind.
Whatever happened, he would not mind.
替换:no matter what = whatever
no matter who = whoever
no matter when = whenever
no matter where = wherever
no matter which = whichever
no matter how = however
注意:no matter 不可以引导主语从句和宾语从句。
(错)No matter what you say is of no use now.
(对)Whatever you say is of no use now.
你目前怎么说也没用了。(Whatever you say是主语从句)
(错)Prisoners have to eat no matter what they’re given,
(对)Prisoners have to eat whatever they’re given.囚犯们只能给什么吃那些。

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