2006职称英语考试模全真拟考试题目理工类C级

时间:2022-1-4 作者:外教网

2006职称英语考试模全真拟考试题目理工类C级(二)

第一部分:词语选择(第1-15题,每题1分,共15分)
下面共有15句子,每一个句子均有一个词或短语划有底横线,请从每一个句子后面所给的四个选项中选择一个与划线部分意义最相近的词或短语。答案一律涂在答卷卡相应的地方上。

1. First editions of certain popular books cannot be obtained for love or money.
A) at any place B) at any price C) in any language D) in any country

2. The company recommended that a new petrol station(should) be built here.
A) ordered B) insisted C) suggested D) demanded

3. It hard for the young people to imagine what severe conditions their parents once lived under.
A) sincere B) hard C) strict D) tight

4. The house stands as steady as a rock in the wind.
A) continuous B) quick C) firm D) exceptional

5. You must shine your shoes.
A) lighten B) clean C) wash D) polish

6. While serving in the Senate in the early 1970s Barbara Jordan supported legislation to ban discrimination and to deal with environment problems.
A) list B) forbid C)handle D)investigate

7.A beautiful woman attended to me in that store yesterday.
A) waited on B) talked to C) spoke to D) stayed with

8. Loud noises can be annoying.
A) hateful B) painful C) horrifying D)disturbing

9. These are our motives for doing it.
A) reasons B) arguments C) targets D)pursuit

10. Successful leaders dominate events rather than react to them.
A) control B) contribute C) convey D)contact

11. The example was fundamental to the argument.
A) impressive B) public C) essential D)slight


12. Medicine depends on other fields for basic information, particularly some of their specialized branches.
A) conventionally B) obviously C) especially D) inevitably

13.We were astonished to hear that their football team had won the champion.
A) amazed B) amounted C) amused D) approached

14. There is an abundant supply of cheap labor in this country.
A) a steady B) a plentiful C) an extra D) a stable

15. The most crucial problem any economic system faces is how to use its scarce resources.
A)puzzling B) difficult C) terrifying D) urgent


第二部分:阅读判断(每题1分,共七分)
阅读下面这篇短文,短文后列出了七个句子,请依据短文的内容对每一个句子作出判断。假如该句提供的是正确信息,请在答卷卡上把A涂黑;假如该句提供的是错误信息,请在答卷卡上把B涂黑;假如该句的信息文章中没提及,请在答卷卡上把C涂黑

Inventor of LED

When Nick Holonyak set out to create a new kind of visible lighting using semiconductor alloys,his colleagues thought he was unrealistic.Today,his discovery of light-emitting diodes,or LEDs, are used in everything from DVDs to alarm clocks to airports.Dozens of his students have continued his work,developing lighting used in traffic lights and other everyday technology.
On April 23,2004, Holonyak received the $500,000 Lemelson-MIT Prize at a ceremony in Washington.This marks the 1Oth year that the Lemelson-MIT Program at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology fMIT has given the award to prominent inventors.
“Anytime you get an award.big or little.it’s always a surprise.”Holonyrak said.
Holonyak, 75,was a student of John Bardeen,an inventor of the transistor, in the early 1950s.After graduate school, Holonyak worked at Ben Labs.He later went to General Electric,where he invented a switch now widely used in house dimmer switches.
Later, Holonyak started 1ooking into how semiconductors could be used to generate 1ight.But while his colleagues were 1ooking at how to generate invisible light,he wanted to generate visible light.The LEDS he invented in 1962 now last about 10 times longer than incandescent bulbs, and are more environmentally friendly and cost effective.
Holonyak,now a professor of electrical and computer engineering and physics at the University of Illinois,said he suspected that LEDs would become as commonplace as they are today,but didn’t realize how many uses they would have.
“You don’t know in the beginning.YOU think you’re doing something important.you think it’s worth doing,but you really can’t tell what the big payoff is going to be,and when,and how.You just don’t know,”he said.
The Lemelson.MIT Program also recognized Edith Flanigen,75,with the$1 00,000
Lemelson-MIT Lifetime Achievement Award for her work on a new generation of“molecular sieves,”that can separate molecules by size.

词语:
semiconductor n.半导体
alloy n.合金
diode n.二极管
incandescent adj.白炽的
bulb n.灯泡
commonplace adj.一般的
molecular adj.分子的
sieve n.筛

训练:
1.Holonyak’s colleagues thought he would fail in his research on LEDs at the time when he started it.
A.Right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned

2.Holonyak believed that his students that were working with him on the project would get the Lemelson.MIT Prize sooner or later.
A。Right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned

3.Holonyak was the inventor of the transistor in the early 1950s.
A.Right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned

4.Holonyak believed that LEDs would become very popular in the future.
A.Right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned

5.Holonyak said that you should not do anything you are not interested in.
A.Right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned

6. Edith Flanigen is the only co-inventor of LEDs.
A.Right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned

7.The Lemelson-MIT Prize has a history of over 100 years.
A.right B.Wrong C.Not mentioned


第三部分:概括大意与完成句子 (每题1分,共8分)
阅读下面这篇短文,短文后有2项测试任务:(1)1—4 题需要从所给的6个选项中为第2–5 段每段选择1个正确的小标题;(2)第5–8题需要从所给的6个选项中选择4个正确的选项,分别完成每一个句子。请将答案涂在答卷卡相应的地方上。


Soot and Snow:a Hot Combination
l New research from NASA scientists suggests emissions of black soot alter the way sunlight reflects off snow.According to a computer simulation,black soot may be responsible for 25 percent of observed global warming over the past century.
2 Soot in the higher latitudes of the Earth。where ice is more common,absorbs more of the sun’s energy and warmth than an icy, white background.Dark-colored black carbon,or soot,absorbs sunlight,while lighter colored ice reflects sunlight.
3 Soot in areas with snow and ice may play all important role in climate change.Als0,if snow and ice covered areas begin melting。the warming effect increases,as the soot becomes more concentrated on the snow surface.“This provides a positive feedback,as glaciers and ice sheet smelt,they tend to get even dirtier,” said Dr.James Hansen,a researcher at NASA’s Goddard Institute for Space Studies,NewYork.
4 Hansen found soot’s effect on snow albedo(solar energy reflected back to space),which may be contributing to trends toward early springs in the Northern Hemisphere,such as thinning Arctic sea ice,melting glaciers and permafrost.Soot also is believed to play a role in changes in the atmosphere above the oceans and land.
5 “Black carbon reduces the amount of energy reflected by snow back into space,thus heating the snow surface more than if there were no black carbon~,”Hansen said.Soot’s increased absorption of solar energy is especially effective in warming the world’s climate. “This forcing is unusually effective,causing twice as much global warming as a carbon.dioxide forcing of the same magnitude,”Hansen noted.
6 Hansen cautioned.although the role of soot in altering global climate is substantial,it does not alter the fact that greenhouse gases are the primary cause of climate warming during the past century.Such gases are expected to be the largest climate forcing f10r也e rest of this century.
7 The researchers found that observed warming in the Northern Hemisphere was 1arge in the winter and spring at middle and high latitudes.These observations were consistent with the researchers’ climate model simulations,which showed some of the largest warming effects occurred when there were heavy snow cover and sufficient sunlight.

词语:
soot n.煤烟,煤灰
emission n.释放,散发,排放
simulation v.模拟
latitude n.纬度
glacier n.冰川,冰河
albedo n.反照率
permafrost n.永冻层
forcing n.温室用途
dioxide n.二氧化物
magnitude n.量,大小

训练:
1.Paragraph 3____________
2.Paragraph 4____________
3.Paragraph 6____________
4.Paragraph 7____________


5.In the twentieth century,soot____________
6.Hansen cautioned that greenhouse gases____________
7. Black soot covered snow and ice____________
8.A soot forcing is unusually effective,which____________


第四部分:阅读理解(每题3分,共45分)
下面有3篇短文,每篇短文后有5道题,每道题后面有4个选项。请仔细阅读短文并依据短文回答其后面的问题,从4个选项中选择1个最好答案涂在答卷卡相应的地方上。

第1篇
Storms Sink Ships

Rescuers have found the bodies of over 130 people killed in two ferry disasters in
Bangladesh.The accidents happened during a storm that hit the country on April 21.Hundreds more are missing or feared dead.
The two ferries sank in different rivers near the capital city of Dhakfi as strong winds and rain hit the South Asian country.
The government has since banned a11 ferries and other boats from traveling at night during the April-May stormy season. .
One of the ferries,MV Mitali,was carrying far more people than it was supposed to.About 400 passengers fitted into a space made for just 300,police said.The second ferry carried about 1 00 passengers.
“The number of deaths is certain to rise.”said an official in charge of the rescue work.“No one really knows how many people were on board‘the ferry or how many of them survived.’’
Ferries in Bangladesh don’t always keep passenger lists,making it difficult to determine the exact number of people on board.
Besides the ferry accidents,at least 40 people were killed and 400 injured by lightning strikes.falling houses and trees and the sinking of small boats.
Storms are common this time of year in Bangladesh,as are boating accidents.Ferry
disasters take away hundreds of lives every year in a nation of 130 million people.
Officials blame these river accidents on a lack of safety measures.too many passengers in boats and not enough checks on weather conditions.
Ferries are a common means of transport in Bangladesh.It is a country covered by about 230 rivers.Some 20,000 ferries use the nation’s Waterways every year.And many of them are dangerously overcrowded.
Since 1977, more than 3.000 people have died in some 260 boating accidents.

词语:
ferry n.渡船
waterway n.水路,水道
Bangladesh:孟加拉国,坐落于南亚

训练:
1.How many people have been found dead in the two ferry disasters?
A、Over 130.
B、At least 40.
C、About 400.
D) Over 3,000.

2.The two ferry disasters occurred
A)at noon.
B)in the morning.
C) at night.
D)In the afternoon.

3.How many passengers was MV Mitali designed to carry?
A)500.
B)100.
C)400.
D)300.

4.Officials attribute boating accident to
A)strong winds.
B)bad weather conditions.
C)the blockages of waterways.
D)the lack of safety measures.

5·¨hich of the following statements is NOT true of the two ferry disasters?
A)They were overcrowded.
B)They sank on April 2I.
C1 The exact number of deaths could be easily determined.
D)They sank somewhere near Dhaka.


第2篇
winged robots learns to fly

第3篇
Snow Ranger

The two things – snow and mountains – which are needed for a ski area are the two things that cause avalanches, large mass of snow and ice crushing down the side of a mountain—often called “White Death.”
It was the threat of the avalanche and its record as a killer of man in the western mountains that created the snow ranger. He first started on avalanche control work in the winter of 1937 –38 at Alta, Utah, in Wasatch National Forest.
This mountain valley was becoming well known to skiers. It was dangerous. In fact, more than 120 persons had lost their lives in 1936 and another 200 died in 1937 as a result of avalanches before it became a major ski area.
Thus, development of Alta and other major ski resorts in the west was dependent upon controlling the avalanche. The Forest Service set out to do it, and did, with its corps of snow rangers.
It takes many things to make a snow ranger. The snow ranger must be in excellent physical condition. He must be a good skier and a skilled mountain climber He should have at least a high school education, and the more college courses in geology, physics, and related fields he has, the better.
He studies snow, terrain, wind, and weather. He learns the conditions that produce avalanches. He learns to forecast avalanches and to bring them roaring on down the mountainsides to reduce their killing strength. . The snow ranger learns to do this by using artillery, by blasting with TNT, and by the difficult and skillful art of skiing avalanches down.
The snow ranger, dressed in a green parka which has a bright yellow shoulder patch, means safety for people on ski slopes. He pulls the trigger on a 75 mm. Recoilless rifle, skis waist deep in powder testing snow stability, or talks with the ski area’s operator as he goes about his work to protect the public from the hazards of deep snow on steep mountain slopes.

1. The snow rangers are employees of
A) the Forest Service.
B) the Resource Bureau.
C) the Tourist Board.
D) the Sports Bureau.

2.A snow ranger himself must be
A) a college graduate.
B) a physicist.
C) a geologist.
D) a mountaineer.

3. A snow ranger uses very powerful guns
A) to warn skiers of an approaching avalanche.
B) to signal for help in an emergency.
C) to create an avalanche.
D) to communicate with the ski area’ operator.

4. What is the primary duty of the snow ranger?
A) To make sure ski area operators are following safety rules.
B) To predict and control avalanches in mountainous areas.
C) To check skis and repair them.
D) To forecast the weather.

5.The passage implies that a snow ranger
A) knows how to use a pistol.
B) must write lengthy reports on his work.
C) may travel many miles when he is on duty.
D) has a long working day.

第五部分:补全短文(每题2分,共10分)
阅读下面的短文,文章中有5处空白,文章后有6组文字,请依据文章的内容选择5组文字,将其分别放会文章原有地方,以恢复文章原貌。请将答案涂在答卷卡相应的地方。

Don’t rely on plankton to save the planet

Encouraging plankton growth in the ocean has been touted by some as a promising way to remove carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. ___1___.
Adding iron to patched of ocean can make plankton bloom temporarily. The microscopic organisms suck up dissolved carbon dioxide from the water, which in turn is replaced by carbon dioxide from the air. ___2___.
Jorge Sarmiento from Princeton and his colleagues developed a complex computer model to analyze how factors such as ocean chemistry and water circulation would affect the process if 160,000 square kilometers of ocean were seeded with iron for a month. ___3__.
In their scenario, which covers an area 10 times as big as the largest experiment of this kind ever proposed, fertilizing the ocean removes 1 million tons of carbon from the atmosphere– just 0.2 percent of the carbon dioxide humankind spews out each month.
Rough estimates in the past have predicted similarly disappointing results. __4__ Says Sallie Chisholm, an environmental engineer from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. “But the take-home message is the same. ___5___.”

A. Its opponents argue, however, that it will stop global warming.
B. Its opponents fear that will damage the marine ecosystem, and now a computer model shows that the trick would also be remarkably inefficient.
C. As plankton die and settle on the ocean floor, their carbon is supposedly locked up in the seabed.
D. They found that 100 years later only between 2 and 11 percent of the extra carbon that was originally taken up plankton had actually been removed from the atmosphere.
E. “These are newer and better models,”
F. Ocean fertilization is not the answer to global warming.


第六部分:完型填空 (每题1分,共15分)
阅读下面的短文,文中有15处空白,每处空白给出了4个选项,请依据短文的内容从4个选项中选择1个最好答案,并涂在答卷卡相应的地方上。

Captain Cook Arrow Legend

It was a great legend while it lasted,but DNA testing has __1__ ended a two-century-old story of the Hawaiian arrow carved from the bone of British explorer Captain James Cook__2__ died in the Sandwich Islands’in 1779.
“There is __3__ Cook in the Australian Museum,’’museum collection manager Jude Philip said not long ago in announcing the DNA evidence that the arrow was not made of Cook’S bone.But that will not stop the museum from continuing to display the arrow in its__4__,“Uncovered:Treasures of the Australian Museum,” which__5__include a feather cape presented to Cook by Hawaiian King Kalani’opu’u in 1778.
Cook was one of Britain’s great explorers and is credited with__6__ the“Great South Land,’’__7__ Australia, in 1 770.He was clubbed to death in the Sandwich Islands,now Hawaii
The 1egend of Cook’s arrow began in 1 824 __8__ Hawaiian King Kamehameha on his deathbed gave the arrow to William Adams,a London surgeon and relative of Cook’s wife,saying it was made of Cook’s bone after the fatal__9 __ with islanders.
In the 1890s the arrow was given to the Australian Museum and the legend continued __10__ it came face=to-face with science.
DNA testing by laboratories in Australia and New Zealand revealed the arrow was not made of Cook’s bone but was more __11__ made of animal bone。said Philp.
However, Cook’s fans __ 1 2 __ to give up hope that one Cook legend will prove true and that part of his remains will still be uncovered.as they say there is evidence not a11 of Cook’s body was __1 3 __ at sea in 1 779.“On this occasion technology has won”,”said Cliff Thornton,president of the Captain Cook Society, in a __14__ from Britain.“But I am __15__ that one of these days…one of the Cook legends will prove to be true and it will happen one day.’’

词语:
DNA n.脱氧核糖核酸
Hawaiian adj.夏威夷的
Uncovered adj.被挖掘的
cape n.斗篷
credit v.把……归功于
club v.用棍棒打

1. A. finally B. firstly C. lately D. usually
2. A. whose B. who C. which D. what
3. A. some B. none C. neither D. no
4. A. cinema B. exhibition C. shop D. market
5. A. must B. did C. has to D. does
6. A. discovering B. visiting C. traveling D. using
7. A. then B. now C. past D. previously
8. A. how B. where C. when D. that
9. A. conversation B. fight C. meal D. dance
10. A. however B. until C. after D. whenever
11. A. helpfully B. usefully C. likely D. readily
12. A. refuse B. return C. regain D. reply
13. A. collected B. washed C. stored D. buried
14. A. statement B. suggestion C. proposal D. guess
15. A. safe B. weak C. sure D. lucky

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