雅思听力八大容易见到场景词语整理

时间:2022-1-11 作者:快乐英语网

雅思听力材料中有一些常用场景在真题中多次出现,烤鸭们完全可以将这些场景所用到的词汇熟练掌握,无论考到哪个场景都不用担心听不懂了。小编特别为大家整理出以下八个场景所用到的词汇,大家做好笔记哦~

雅思听力八大常见场景词汇盘点

一、 Listening situation: social events (section 2)

雅思听力section 2 中经常会考到一些社会事件,比如说会议、展览、节日等。参加这些社会活动就需要通过网站、单页、通知版、广告等来了解活动的信息、日程安排、主题等详细信息。一些大型会议和活动学生是可以选择参加的,而且还提供住宿和餐饮,一切都只需要在注册的时候声明并且缴纳相应的费用即可。

Events: Convention, exhibition, conference, festival, exposition

Examples: Australian retailers’ convention, art exhibition, business conference, summer music festival, drama festival, travel exposition, world expo, cartoon exhibition, flower exhibition, auto show

Publicity: website/internet, leaflets, flyers, notice board, posters, advertisements, good for a family, children, adult, senior citizens

Transportation: bus, taxi, cab, subway, tube, coach, parking problems

Agenda: dates, timetable

Focus/theme: music/live music, art, ballet, clothes, drama, food, business, demonstration, comics, flower arrangement, biscuits

Celebration: parade, dance, chorus, music band

Catering: café, restaurant, pub, cafeteria, canteen, refectory, dining room, refreshments, snacks, takeout, takeaway, set lunch, barbecue

Security: security entrance, security office, security personnel/staff, fire exit, lockers, Check ID, video surveillance, cameras, crowded, children easily get lost

二、 Listening situation: environment (section 2/4)

这类单词肯定是大家感觉到比较专业和难于掌握的,并不是需要学员们全部记忆下来,但起码要做到对发音和中文意思比较敏感,这样才会对全文的听力内容有一个较好的把握。否则就好像是听到了科普类文章一样,茫然不知所措,进而导致完全放弃。

atmosphere: Oxygen, Hydrogen, Nitrogen, Carbon dioxide, Carbon monoxide, Ozone, sulphur monoxide

pollution: air pollution, acid rain, contaminated water, pollutant, contaminant, chemicals, toxic waste

Geographical: soil erosion, desertification, drought, floods, overfishing, over-felling, deforestation

energy: fossil fuels, coal, gas, petroleum, solar, tide, wind power, nuclear, marsh gas, methane, biogas

recycling: plastic, paper, glass, bottle tops, ink cartridges, spare parts/components

三、 Listening situation: repair (section 1)

这个场景主要是购物或者租房子后发现有一些这样那样的问题,物体的型号、主要的问题、需要什么时间来修理、有没有质保、替换还是退款等都会是很重要的考点。雅思听力还是非常实用的,能让我们提前预习到在国外会碰到的场景,帮我们了解外国人处理一些事情的流程和规则。

What to repair: fridge, refrigerator, washing machine, CD player, electric light, clock, bungalow, cooker, rice cooker, printer (shelf)

Model type/number

Main problem: leaking, door broken, flashing, hands broken, noisy, fan broken, steam escaping

When to repair: immediately, straight away, right now, urgent

Next week, weekdays, weekends, in a couple of weeks

Mornings, afternoons (am pm)

Quality warranty: expiry date, quality guaranteed for two years

Compensation: refund, replacement

Payment: cash, cheque, credit card, bank transfer

四、 Listening situation: diet and health (section 4)

饮食和健康不但是现在人们越来越关心的问题,也会是雅思听力考试中永恒不变的主题。关于健康饮食和生活方式的探讨经常会在Section 4 中出现。与此同时,听力中关于一些疾病的原因和治疗也都跟此有着密切的联系。我想Diabetes、obesity、heart disease、chronic illness、high blood pressure等疾病大家已经并不陌生了。

Food intake/elements: protein, vitamins, fat, carbohydrates, fat acid, calcium, cholesterol, minerals, calorie, kilocalorie

diet: cereals, sugar, salt, lean meat, eggs, fish, milk, vegetables, fruit, red meat, white meat

cereals: wheat, corn, barley, oat, maize, rice

health: low nutrition, malnutrition, overweight, obese, underweight, intelligence, eyesight, brain, learning difficulty, digestion, congestion, heart disease, tuberculosis

Physical exercises: running, jogging, swimming

五、 listening situation: medicine (section 1)

这个场景每年都会进行几次考查,重点要明确各种关于医生、治疗、疾病、药物、手术、医院的英文表达方式,以及弄清楚西方国家的医疗体系和看病流程。比如说家庭医生(family doctor)这个概念在中国几乎是不存在的,但是在西方的社区里非常普遍。如何注册一个家庭医生,他们看病如何收费等都是我们应该去了解的。在国外某些地区,如果没有注册家庭医生,很可能出现一些急症没有医生来看的情况。

doctors: physician, surgeon, dentist, veterinarian, pediatrician, therapist, general practitioner

treatments: cure, remedy, therapy, acupuncture,

diseases: headache, toothache, backache (back pain), stomachache, heart disease, pneumonia, tuberculosis, diabetes, insomnia, asthma, employment medical, sprain, sports injury, sprained knee

medicine: antibiotics, penicillin, aspirin, sleeping pills (tablets), painkillers, dose, underdose, overdose, ice pack, walking sticks

surgery: operation

hospital: clinics, ward, maternity, emergency, surgery, practice

六、 listening situation: library (section 1/4)

图书馆是雅思听力中经久不衰的场景之一,对于这个场景,朗阁海外考试研究中心建议大家应该把握住图书馆的基本布局和功能、完整的借阅流程、以及图书馆所藏的素材。除了上课以外,图书馆应该是学生待的时间最长的地方了。国外的书籍价格还是比较高的,尤其是一些专业书籍,所以图书馆比较受欢迎也就理所应当了。

registration: information desk, information sector, librarian desk

registration fee, membership fee

ID documents: passport, visa, student card, library card, driver’s license, credit card, bank statement, phone bill, Identity card, C.V. letter

Library card, borrower’s card, reader’s card, electronic card, PIN, password

Books: fiction, reference books, technical books, leisure books, notion, academic

Periodicals: magazines, journals Current issues, back issues

Technical Resources: photocopying machine, photocopier, color, white and black photocopier, printer, laser printer, card, coin, internet access, computers, laptops

Electronic, digital: CD, DVD, VCD, videos, tapes, cassettes, CD-ROM

Recall system: catalogue (title, author, press, category) , call slip, librarian

Circulation: borrow, loan, return, renew, overdue, fine, reserve

Loan time: weeks, months (up to 4 weeks, maximum loan time)

Training classes: research methods, IT, computer software, dissertation writing

七、 Listening situation: job hunting (section 1/2)

边上学边打工是绝大多数学生的普遍生活方式,一方面可以贴补生活费用,另一方面可以增加社会经验和扩大朋友圈。如果有机会进入一些大公司当实习生的话必将对未来的工作有很大的帮助。以下是雅思找工作场景中经常考查的细节点,大家要注意哦!

Type of work: vacation jobs, office work, bar attendant, waiter, waitress, zoo attendant, childcare, library assistant, restaurant work, shop assistant, sales assistant, domestic work, reporter, carpenter, freelance, part-time job, full-time job, temporary job

Main roles: receptionist, shop assistant, looking after animals (kangaroo), educate visitors, save wounded/injured animals, maintain website, selling garden tools/carpets, handle customer complaint

Advantages and disadvantages: pay, working hours, workload, flexible, equipment, transportation

Working hours: am pm weekdays (during the week), weekends,bank holidays, public holidays, New year, Christmas

Pay rate: pound/dollar per hour, starting salary, wage

Clothes: formal clothes, suit, informal clothes, casual clothes shirt, trousers, tie, bow tie, uniform

Transportation: bus, train, subway, tube, metro, taxi, cab

Magazine reporters: housing magazine, entertainment magazine, sports magazine, economy magazine, IT magazine

八、 Listening situation: shopping

在剑桥雅思中有出现过对比几家商店或者品牌的产品的优缺点,进而得出一个综合评价并给出买或不买的最终建议的听力场景。对于追逐时尚,喜欢购物的年轻一代而言,如果在购物上失分就比较不给力了,fighting!

Price: discount, concession, promotion, sales, half price, normal price, 30% off

Packaging: economy package, family package, container, image, presentation of products

Where to buy: supermarket, market, shop, store, department store, chain store, online shopping

Receipt: invoice, quality warranty, receipt

Supermarket: entrance (profitable), middle shelf (expensive), end of aisles (hard to move), quieter places ( need time to think about)

牢记以上这些词汇,不要说听力,也许写作、口语都是可以用到的哦~

雅思听力考试技巧–教你如何利用间隙答题

在雅思听力考试中,各个部分之间都是有间隙的。在考场上每一分钟都是非常珍贵的,那么我们该如何利用这宝贵的听力间隙呢?下面,小编就为广大考生收集整理的雅思听力间隙,分享给大家,希望对大家有所帮助。

雅思听力考试Section1和Section2主要考的就是考生在英语国家的生存能力,考点包括衣食住行的方方面面。

雅思听力考试Section3和Section4主要考的就是留学生在今后的留学生活中,可能会碰到的学习或课程方面的问题,包括授课、小组讨论、会议等方方面面。

虽然这四部分的考点是各不相同的,但在每部分的问题类型不会超过3种,甚至有时候,一部分只有一种题型。听力的难度会从一到四逐级提升。一般听力部分放完就会收卷。

当我们听到Section1的字样,再开始读Section1的题目,在每段录音的开头,大约会有半分钟的读题时间,这时候考试应该抓紧时间读题和猜题,然后在放录音的时候全神贯注的听取录音,努力获得自己想要的信息,并快速做记录。

在每一个Section结束之后,大约还会有半分钟左右的check时间,小编建议考生把检查答案留在10分钟的誊写答案时间里,利用这30秒的时间读下一个Section。10分钟用来誊写答案可以说是绰绰有余。既然有那么长的时间,考生就要好好利用,尽量完善答案。

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