英语四级六级培训课程

appear, look, seem有什么区别及使用方法特征

时间:2022-6-14 作者:旺旺英语网

appear, look, seem的使用方法特征

1、基本不同

look 指视觉印象,appear 指外表给人的印象,这两者可能是真象也会是假象,appear的不确定性更大一些,seem 侧重指依据某种迹象作出的判断,也可能不是事实。

2、后接不定式的问题

三者均可后接不定式,但 look 之后通常只限于 to be(且较少见):

He seems [appears, looks] to be very tired. 他仿佛非常累了。

He seems [appears] to have traveled a lot. 他好像去过不少地方。

This seems to be a happy solution. 这好像是一个理想的解决方法。

但不说He looks to have traveled a lot.

3、后接like的问题

look, seem 之后可接介词 like,但 appear 之后通常不可以:

He just looks like his brother. 他的模样就像他的哥哥。

He seems like a fool. 他看着像个傻瓜。

4、用于进行时态的问题

appear 和seem不需要于进行时态,但look有时可如此用(尽管较少见):

He looks [is looking] well. 他看起来气色很好。

但不说He is seeming [appearing] well.

5、用于it开头的句子

三者均可用于 it 开头的句子,且三者之后均可接以 as if 或 as though 引导的从句,另外 appear 和 seem 之后还可接 that 引导的从句:

It looks [seems, appears] as if he has lost interest in his job. 看来他对我们的工作已失去了兴趣。

It seems [appears] that he is very tired. 他好像非常累了。

为防止重复,appear和seem后接的 that 从句有时可用so, not 代之:

“Is he reliable? ” “It seems [appears] so (not).”“他可不可信?”“好像是靠谱的(不靠谱)。”

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